New results from the Unicorn cave (Einhornhöhle)

G. Russo
October 2023

In our study, just published by Nature – Scientific Reports, we present two key findings: the oldest known evidence of the cultural use of a lion skin, featuring aesthetic elements such as deliberately retained claws (dated to 190,000 years ago), and the earliest direct evidence of a large predator being hunted and killed in human history, dated to 48,000 years ago.

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Fig. 1: A graphic rendering of Neanderthals butchering a just-killed cave lion. Graphic: Julio Lacerda. NLD.
Fig. 2: The cave lion skeleton from Siegsdorf (Bavaria) with a wooden spear replica as used by Neanderthals. Photo: V. Minkus. NLD.
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